Learning about Machu Picchu in Perú, South America. Optional ESL activity: listening comprehension. Using videos in the classroom.

For those interested in improving their level of English, or brushing-up their English.
ESL (English as a Second Language)

Task: listen carefully while you watch the video and do the following activities, do not pause the video after each word is said.
To train, it is a good idea to listen to the whole piece just pausing it to be able to write or take notes.
If this is too much, try dividing it into chunks, the longest possible for you to understand and catch ideas and information.
For example, watch and listen for about 10 minutes, pause it, and if it is necessary watch and listen to that same chunk again (but watch the complete chunk, do not subdivide it into smaller chunks), and try to do the corresponding activities for that chunk.
Once you finish, try watching the whole video.

MACHU PICCHU ROAD TO THE SKY

1. What is it said?
2. Where does it live?
3. What happened 100 years ago?
4. What was the explorer´s name?
5. What nationality was he?
6. What was he looking for?
7. What did he discover?
8. Why was it difficult to see them at first?
9. What was the name of that city in the skies that flourished 500 years ago?
10. What was the civilization that created it?
11. Where is it situated?

ESL activity.  Listening / for a gist / to complete transcription / to answer comprehension questions.

green-emerald5.jpgbestofmvm.wordpress.com

The Incan ____________ was completely ____________. It flourished in the _________ mountains and gave birth to _________________. The Andes in __________ ________________ stood __________ mts above ___________. In this area ____________ by ___________, many different ___________ of people, with ___________ ____________ and cultures had ____________ separately until the _____________ _____________ appeared. Other __________ civilizations in the world, such as _____________, ____________ and _____________, all developed in large _________ areas, but the Incas created a __________ _____________ in the _______________ spreading through western South America.
The ____________ range covers ____________ kilometres from North to South with Peru now in its _______. They united _________ different groups ____________ different ____________ in ________ years time.
How _________ the Incas _________ __________ the ___________ which were divided by mountains?
How _________ the Incas _________ __________ this ______________ civilization in the sky?

Today we will _____ into the mystery of the Incas.

____________ east of ________________ lies the capital city of the Inca Empire, __________, __________ mts above _______________.
In the ______ century the Incas ____________ their capital here complete with ___________ __________ for their ___________ and ____________. But _____________ years later the Incas were ______________ by the ______________. And the area was _______________.
The clues needed to ______________ the Incas were ______________ in the _____________ period. No ___________ documents about the Incas ____________ since the Inca ______________ did not have a ____________ __________. The only clues ___________________ come from some of their _______________ or from ____________ made by the _______________ from the early _____________ ______________.

This is a ___________ written in the ___________ century by the ___________ _________ Poma. The chronicle includes important ___________ of Incan life _____________ in ___________ pictures. He created the _________ for the Spanish ____________ so he can ____________ from the Incan ______________ of ______________.
Let´s take a look at the __________ of the Incas ____________ _____ these ________________.

A __________ time __________, people in the Andes lived ____________ ___________ and ____________ themselves by _________________ and _____________ nuts. A man calling himself the __________ of the ________ appeared, and he ___________ the Incan ____________, he introduced stone ____________ and his people created ___________ which later _____________ ______________.
The Incan emperor ___________ the people _____________ and they ______________ great ______________ since the severe _____________________.
The Incan ____________ was so _______________ that there was _________ ____________ for everyone in the entire country.

At the Inca _____________ in the ___________ of Cuzco, you can see a re-_____________ of a _____________ which is based ___ the chronicle. It is said that the ____________ Incan people lived __________ hunger. The ___________ Emperor who called himself the ______ of the _______ ________ as the _____________ of the people.
The Incas had __________ _________ nor __________ considered as necessary elements for all _______________. But they had much ____________ wealth than the _______________.
The chronicle _____________ the Incan empire as a ______________ state in which ___________ and ____________ were ___________ equally.
And the ________________ and the ____________ were cared for without _______________.

But after the ___________ conquered the Inca, the people were __________ by heavy ___________, ____________ collections.
The ___________ country once without __________ was _________.

The ___________ ___________ many cities, but ___________ ___________ the city ___ top of the _______ escaped their ______________.

This is an _____________ animal, the ___________. Now as then people _________ on them to ___________ goods in the ____________ mountains.
Machu Picchu appeared __________ in the ____________ century in a ___________ region, almost in the centre of the empire.

The city in the ___________ was ____________ on a ____________ mt ___________. It was considered the __________ residence of the _________ ________________.
Machu Picchu was ____________ by the ____________ Incan Emperor, __________________.
He was the one who _______________ the Incas from ____________ _____________ in Cuzco into an immense empire.
It is said that ______________ moved from __________ to Machu Picchu every ______________.

Let´s walk here. A ___________ wall without any ____________ at all. Water ___________ and _____________ were created by _____________ on _____________.
They used only ____________ hammer and rock _____________.
Everything in the city was built with ____________ stone _________________.

Let’s take a _______ on the _________ ____________. _______________ areas were to be the __________ where Pachacuti __________. Here´s a _______-___________ building with beautifully _________ lime _________ walls called ___________. Inside there is a _________ ___________ to unique __________. The morning ___________ from the south-east ___________ makes a complete _________ ____________ on the rock. It is said that the _____________ held important _____________ here.

Under this ____________ there is a ___________ cave, believed to be Pachacuti´s final ___________ place.
It has been ___________ years since ________ _________ were discovered, during the __________ of Machu Picchu.

What did they find here?
What is the black colour proof of?

__________ kinds of __________ were ___________. ________ _________ for women to __________ the front of their garments. ________ made of ___________. __________ to pull the __________ on ___________ and __________. Gold ___________. Shell ____________ from the ___________ area. And some __________ ___________ from the Amazon. Even ________ from ___________ km away have been ____________ here.

Because of the ___________ Inca ______________ we now have a __________ ________ idea of how Pachacuti lived.

Who commanded the building of Machu Picchu?
How were the roads prepared for Pachacuti?
How was Pachacuti transported?
What happened if Pachacuti lost an eye-lash?
When Pachacuti arrived at Machu Picchu… was it finished?
What were men doing at the quarry?
Where did the craftsmen live?
What was Pachacuti’s life-style? What was his house like at the time Pachacuti was alive?
What other people lived at Machu Picchu?
How many people lived at Machu Picchu?
Was Machu Picchu the only city the Incas constructed in the Andes?

How were the Incas _________ to _________ so many cities _________ by _______ __________ terrain in order to expand their nation? One _____ can be found in a mountain in the Andes. _______ km east of Machu Picchu, Quehue village _________ in a range of ___________ mountains and ___________.
It´s an ____________ village so they need to __________ a ________ bridge to access the other ___________.

This bridge was __________ originally in the Inca ___________. The Incas ___________ a number of bridges over ____________ and the _____________ as national ______________.
In the village of Quehue all the ____________ join together to __________ ______________ to repair the big bridges every year. It has been traditional __________ work since the Inca ___________.
The ___________ __________ which they ____________ are taken across to the other side of the ____________ even at the _____________ of their own lives.

_______________ divided by ____________ were united by ____________. In the _______ century the Incas continued building ___________ with these non-_________ other ___________ speaking ______________.
By ____________ bridges and ___________ _______, the Inca developed the Incan roads _________ to expand the ____________.

In Machu Picchu where the ___________ lived they ________ ___________ effort to create an Incan road.
The Inca road was built among the steep _______ __________ mts ____________.
The ___________ national institute of Culture started ___________ the Incan road connected to Machu Picchu.
Here´s a slippery ________ made of _________. ____________ there was a _____ Incan road _______ wide.
The Incas ____________ Machu Picchu with other cities by many different ___________.
How could they build a road in such a ___________ location?

Was the Incan road hidden? In what?
What is a great skill? To carve rock to prevent stone from collapsing
What other skills did they find? How helpful and important was this for the walls?
What shows that the Inca had amazing masonry skills?
What was revealed about the Incan Roads?
How many roads were there?

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