The Egyptian Book Of The Dead written by Ani in 1275 BC (part two) – ESL activity: listening skills & vocabulary

Dare to go on a trip through the underworld to the Egyptian afterlife and the voyage of the Book of the Dead in this marvellously depicted programme. E. A. Wallis Budge’s wonderful find in Egypt and his famous book gives us an insight into how the Egyptians charted the journey after death to the afterlife.

Budge was the British Museum curator, and in 1887 travelled to Egypt, where he bought objects from the black market.  His excuse was that the poor conditions of the museum in Egypt would not guarantee the preservation of those valuable objects. There were may British and other nationality plunders in Egypt, tomb raiders stealing jewels, objects, mummies, and many other things. The book of the dead, written by Ani in 1250 BC aproximately, is the first religious writing of the human thinking about the afterlife.  This book provides answers and guide for the soul journey to the afterlife.  Some christian sects and the new testament show similiraties with some Egyptian beliefs and how they had been influenced by Egyptians.  The book of the dead was for those who wanted immortality.  The ten commandments mentioned in the old testament, the ones Moses received appeared in the negative confessions in the book of the dead.  Egypt was, in fact, the home of Moses.

Mummification preserved the body for the soul to have a vehicle to travel to its final dstination.  The organs were removed and placed in jars, and the brain was removed with a hook through the nose.  The heart was the only organ to be left in the body because they thought it was the organ of thinking and feeling and the one needed for the afterlife.

Glossary

curator /kjʊ(ə)ˈreɪtə/ noun   a keeper or custodian of a museum or other collection.  “the curator of drawings at the National Gallery”.  A curator (from Latin: curare meaning “take care”) is a manager or overseer.

deceased /dɪˈsiːst/formal noun 1. the recently dead person in question. “the judge inferred that the deceased was confused as to the extent of his assets”
adjective  2.recently dead.”the deceased man’s family”synonyms: dead, expired, departed, gone, no more, passed on, passed away;

Pharaoh /ˈfɛːrəʊ/  The pharaoh was the political and religious leader of the Egyptian people, holding the titles: ‘Lord of the Two Lands’ and ‘High Priest of Every Temple’. As ‘Lord of the Two Lands’ the pharaoh was the ruler of Upper and Lower Egypt.

papyrus /pəˈpʌɪrəs/noun 1. a material prepared in ancient Egypt from the pithy stem of a water plant, used in sheets throughout the ancient Mediterranean world for writing or painting on and also for making articles such as rope. “the text was preserved, probably on papyrus”
2. the tall aquatic sedge from which papyrus is obtained, native to central Africa and the Nile valley.
“a pond thickly planted with papyrus”

plunder /ˈplʌndə/verb, gerund or present participle: plundering
-steal goods from (a place or person), typically using force and in a time of war or civil disorder.
“looters moved into the disaster area to plunder shops”
synonyms: pillage, loot, rob, raid, ransack, strip, fleece, ravage, lay waste, devastate, maraud, sack, rape; 
-steal (goods), typically using force and in a time of disorder.
“the contents of the abandoned houses were plundered by members of the new regime”
synonyms: steal, take illegally, purloin, seize, thieve, rob, pillage, carry off; More
-take material from (artistic or academic work) for one’s own purposes.
“we shall plunder related sciences to assist our research” 

scribe /skrʌɪb/ noun   historical, a person who copies out documents, especially one employed to do this before printing was invented.

scarab /ˈskarəb/ noun   a large dung beetle of the eastern Mediterranean area, regarded as sacred in ancient Egypt.an ancient Egyptian gem cut in the form of a scarab beetle, sometimes depicted with the wings spread, and engraved with hieroglyphs on the flat underside.

This programme gives us a graphic and often scary insight into the trials and tribulations of the soul of the deceased.
Aired on the History Channel by A&E Entertainments in 2006 and produced by Morningstar Entertainment.

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