Present Perfect to express “experience”. ESL: tenses – from pre-intermediate to advanced levels.

We use the present perfect to talk about experiences in the past up to the moment of speaking. The present perfect is “subject + auxiliary ‘have’ + past participle”. We often shorten ‘have/has’ to ”ve/’s’.

I’ve eaten in this restaurant many times.

To make the negative we add ‘not’ between the auxiliary ‘have’ and the past participle.

I haven’t had it before.

The question form is auxiliary ‘have/has’ + past participle.

Have you tried this vegetable dish?

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