Vocabulary on shopping | ELT & ESL | learning English | upper int
Use English to shop and save money. When you finish this basic English vocabulary lesson, you will be able to shop with confidence and get what you want when you are in a store! Avoid getting ripped off. Make sure you get a warranty, and a receipt!
[Singing] “Got to buy some dinner tonight.” Hi. James from EngVid. So what are we doing? We’re going to talk about shopping today. As you can see, I have to go shopping because our budget — we usually have a big magazine, and I’m down to this poor little piece of paper. But my dinner is on, so why don’t we go to the board.
Now, ladies and gentlemen, boys and girls, something we have to do wherever you go. You do it in your own country. We do it here. What I’m going to teach you is the vocabulary for basic shopping. So there — we have two other videos on engVid that talk about shopping and specific things. You can go and watch those as well. I recommend you do. But for now, just so you can go into a store anywhere that they speak English and get what you want, when you need it, the way you want it, we’re going to do this lesson right now.
So the first thing you want to do is — well, you want to know if it’s on sale. “Sale” means “cheaper price”. So that’s what we mean, “is it on sale?” The first thing you can ask, like, “Do you have anything on sale?” For instance: Club Savings. All these foods are on sale. Regular price 20, now 17. I’m saving money. So “sale” really means — s-a for “save”. You’re saving money because you’re going to pay less than the actual, original price.
Which leads me to the next word: “price” and “cost”. For some of you guys you’re like, “We know these things.” But it’s actually using it properly or effectively. You can say, “How much does it cost?” which is different than “price”. They’re similar — not same. “Cost” means “what do I have to give you”. “Price” is what — what the actual money is. So you can say, “How much does this cost me?” Maybe two hours. And I’m using it differently than price. So similar — not same. So what is the “price”; what is the “cost”. And they will tell you how much money you have to give them, okay? Cool.
That comes with the word “pay”. When you have a price or cost and you give them money, you must “pay”. I work in an English school, and people have to “pay”. That means, “Give the money.” But you can give not just money, but different things in different forms. So one of the things we can do is, we can use our credit cards. Everybody — not everyone. A lot of people have it if you’re over 18 — piece of plastic that you give, and they say, “This is worth this much money, and you can use your card to pay with it.” Okay? Visa, American Express, MasterCard — these are credit cards.
Debit. In North America, we’re in love with our debit cards. It’s a card that you get from your bank that has direct access to your account. So not like a credit card where the bank is lending you some money or letting you take some money for now, and you pay it back. That’s the “credit card”. Debit is right in your account, so if you have $500, they literally — oh, sorry, “literally” means “really”, “in reality”, or “actually” — take the money out of your account. So you can use either debit or credit to pay.
And my favourite, favourite of everyone’s — I don’t have any: cash. Cash. Money. The old fashion way of doing things, right? Give them the money — transaction done. “Transaction” is when you do business. You “transact” because one thing goes to another. You get product; they get money. It’s a “transaction”, okay?
Taxes. Every country has them. In some countries, like England — where they speak the Queen’s English — taxes are included. So if it says $15, it’s $15. But folks, I live in Canada. And what you see is not what you get. $15 becomes $16.50. $100 becomes $115. $1,000 is — $1,150. That’s right. Our taxes are not included. So when you come to America or Canada, be careful because you might actually have to pay taxes. You see this, “Incl.”: “taxes included”. It will be taxes — it’s good. It means price — what you pay. Most of the times, you won’t see anything, and it means “add more money”. “Taxes” are what the government gets — okay. Understand this. It’s what the government gets for you buying something because they want their money, too. Anyway.